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Updated on
December 06, 1999

In October 1998 Russia Celebrated

60 YEARS SAMBO


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I just posted these pictures ... text, comments, and layout will be done later!

Below some pictures of the October 15-18, 1998 SAMBO WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP IN KALININGRAD, RUSSIA.

... and of course you know to click on the pictures to view them enlarged.

60yrsambo.jpg (145891 bytes) cambo.jpg (72102 bytes)

throw7.jpg (33888 bytes)

throw8.jpg (36977 bytes)

throw9.jpg (27861 bytes)
                 
throw10.jpg (38937 bytes) throw11.jpg (33631 bytes) throw13.jpg (28726 bytes) escape7.jpg (24298 bytes) armbar.jpg (29748 bytes)

armbar2.jpg (21559 bytes)
                

Below some historical pictures.

oschepkov.jpg (24859 bytes) oschepkov_judo.jpg (21326 bytes) osch_judo_vladi1917.jpg (84941 bytes) oschep_maria.jpg (24823 bytes)     
Vasillij S. Oschepkov Oschepkov as Judoka 1st Judo Competition in Russia; Vladivostok 1917 Oschepkov and his wife Maria    
   

V. S. Oschepkov was born on Sakhalin island in 1892. As an orphan child he went to school in Japan  at the Russian Orthodox (pravoslavie) mission of Saint Nicolas. He also studied Judo at the Kodokan Institute where he received his black belt from Jigoro Kano himself.. He was the first non-Japanese to obtain a black belt in Judo from the Kodokan Judo Institute.  Official Kodokan files indicate that he:
-  registered on October 29, 1911
-  obtained his 1st dan of Kodokan on June 15, 1913 and
-  obtained his 2nd dan of Kodokan on October 4, 1917.

As a young adult he traveled around and learned various wrestling and self-defense techniques, which he incorporated in a system that gave birth to a practical "self defense without weapon;" recognized and called SAMBO (SOMBO) on November 16, 1938.

Oschepkov developed a sport wrestling style that went beyond Judo taking many aspects from various styles within the USSR but also from styles like French wrestling style. He did the same for the more typical self-defense. He taught and trained sports men during the highlight of his brief career at the "Dinamo" society ( a training place for state security officers) and school for the militia. He also taught on the Moscow Institute for Physical Culture. He devised breakthrough programs not only of self-defense, hand-to-hand combat, sport wrestling, but also was innovative in developing systems of physical education to prepare specifically for wrestling throws and techniques.

The history of Sambo is not without some darker sides even in its early ages.
The Leningrad Sport Committee abolished the competition between Leningrad's and Moscow's wrestlers, organized by Oschepkov. The regime of those days did not want to recognize the part Japanese JUDO played in the new wrestling style (which was not called "sambo" yet.) They actually wanted to strike every reference to Judo. Oschepkov wrote sharp letters to the All-USSR Sport Committee, Army's Inspection of Physical Culture and Sport, in Moscow, Leningrad, Ukraine and Beyond-Caucasus Institutes of Physical Culture.

In 1937 the entire country was under the pressure of nightly arrests. The slogan "better to arrest ten innocent then to miss one spy" was the
basis for the inner security service of that year. The criteria of criminal unreliability was very simple: man had to be arrested if he made foreign travel or had relatives or friends in other countries.  Oschepkov belonged to this category. At September, 29 the decree read: "Oschepkov Vasilii Sergeevich is sufficiently unmasked as Japanese spy... citizen Oschepkov is prosecuted due to clause 58 article 6". In the night of October 1, 1937 he was arrested in his home.

He  was wrongly accused of being a Japanese spy. Ten days after his arrest he died in rather obscure circumstances at the age of 44 years.

Khalampiev, distanced himself from his former teacher Oschepkov. He claimed himself creator and innovator of the new wrestling style.

After the World War II Anatolii Arcadievich Kharlampiev became the only leader of sambo. He certainly has merits, but his dignity as a human was
not as high as his quality as a professional. Even after Oschepkov's name was cleared, Kharlampiev did not tell the truth about sambo's origin. He did not give his teacher his due recognition. On the contrary he developed his own myth. He began to say that he was ordered to create sambo by N.I.Podvoiski, hero of revolution in 1922. But in 1922 A. A. Kharlampiev was only 15 years old.

The above article consist of edited and shortened excerpts of an article by Michail LUKASHEV (I'll try to get more info on this author's books and researches.)
More information about Oschepkov will be presented.

Other names connected to the early days of Sambo will be presented:
Anatolii Kharlampiev
V. A. Spiridonov
E. M. Chumakov

Some pictures of E. M. Chumakov   

           
Chumakov1944.jpg (33569 bytes) chumakov1950.jpg (50558 bytes) chum_team1960.jpg (45574 bytes) chumakov_team.jpg (49015 bytes) chum_teaching.jpg (37334 bytes)
E.M. Chumakov 1944 Chumakov USSR Champion 1950 Chumakov and team: Moscow 1960      Chumakov teaching a hold down in the late 90's
chumakov1997.jpg (60518 bytes)                   
Last graduation of students of Professor Chumakov: June 1997.               

Some pictures of Kharlampiev in 1938

     
kharl1938a.jpg (22976 bytes) kharl1938b.jpg (19290 bytes) kharl1938c.jpg (18887 bytes) 1938a.jpg (24853 bytes)   
Kharlampiev gives explanations. Kharlampiev does a throw on Budzinski. Kharlampiev's students sparring. Kharlampiev together with his assistent trainers: Nevedomski, Budzinski, and Sazonov.

Varia

        
kurtka37.jpg (16978 bytes)

The very first sambo kurkta (jacket) design: 1937

dzudo37.jpg (60873 bytes)
24 December 1937
Match
Moscow - Leningrad
in Free Style Wrestling
JU-DO

[Note that the term "SAMBO" is not used yet
also for the next poster in 1938, however no mantion of the term "Judo" any more.]
leni38.jpg (28162 bytes)
Competition of Five Cities
won by Leningrad
Free Style Wrestling
(Bor'be BOL'NOGO STILYA)
28-29 November 1938 City of BAKU
           
  sorry ... nothing much yet ...
soon more ... much more!